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Monarchs need warmth to fly and like to sun themselves, as these did on Feb. 8, 2022, at Pismo Beach, California. Although they can survive temperatures as low as 18 degrees, 32 to 59 degrees is considered optimal.

Scientists at Pismo Beach Monarch Butterfly Grove were alarmed last year when fewer than 200 monarch butterflies were counted, he fewest since annual tracking of the pollinators began in 1997 - but this last counting season, an estimated 22,000 monarchs were tallied at the grove. Read more»