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These will be the big news stories of 2014

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These will be the big news stories of 2014

Elections in Egypt, the US and India. The World Cup. The Sochi Olympics. And the NATO withdrawal are all sure to be in the news in 2014.

  • Daniel Moyle/Flickr

Brace yourselves: 2014 is going to be another big year for news.

From presidential elections and votes on independence to global sporting events and historic anniversaries, the calendar for the next 12 months is filling up fast.

GlobalPost has trawled through its diary and selected 10 of the most important stories for the coming year.

1. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke to retire 

Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke took over the world’s most important central bank in February 2006 and a little over two years later global financial markets went into meltdown.

Amid worldwide panic, Bernanke was forced to intervene on Wall Street in ways never before considered by the Fed, including pumping mind-boggling amounts of money into the financial system and slashing interest rates to near zero.

The measures did the trick and the US economy is getting back on its feet. Bernanke is expected to make way for Fed Vice Chairman Janet Yellen by the end of January, when his term expires.

2. Winter Olympics, Russia

In less than two months, the Black Sea resort city of Sochi in Russia will be swarming with thousands of super-fit, lycra-wearing athletes participating in the 22nd Winter Olympics. The huge sporting event has attracted a lot of attention in recent months, mostly for reasons Russian President Vladimir Putin would probably prefer had stayed out of the international spotlight.

From threats of boycotts over the country’s controversial anti-gay law and massive cost blow-outs to harassment of journalists and embarrassing power failures, Russian organizers have had more than their fair share of problems to deal with. Let’s just hope it snows before Feb. 7. 

3. 20th anniversary of the Rwanda massacre

It’s hard to believe that 20 years have passed since the genocide in Rwanda, which was triggered by the shooting down of a plane carrying the country’s then President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, on April 6.

Over the following weeks, more than 800,000 people, mainly from the Tutsi ethnic group, were brutally murdered in a wave of violence that ranks among the worst atrocities of the last century.

4. India national elections 

The world’s biggest democracy goes to the polls in the first half of 2014 to elect a new national government. Based on the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party’s strong showing in recent state elections, the Hindu nationalist party is looking more likely to defeat the ruling Indian National Congress.

The BJP candidate for the role of prime minister, Narendra Modi, is seen as more business-friendly than leaders of the current government, but is dogged by controversy over his role in the 2002 anti-Muslim riots in the state of Gujarat.

Whoever gets elected will have to deal with an India that's struggling with low economic growth.

5. FIFA World Cup, Brazil

Thousands of fans will descend on Brazil over the summer to watch 32 of the best soccer, er, football teams on the planet battle it out for the FIFA World Cup. Croatia will have the honor of kicking off the tournament against Brazil at Arena Corinthians in Sao Paolo on June 12.

Brazil has had a troubled build-up to the once-every-four-years event, marked by nationwide protests, deadly construction accidents and strikes delaying the completion of venues.

Hopefully, by the time the first ball is kicked, all we'll have to worry about is the sound of stray vuvuzelas.

6. Egyptian elections 

After months of turbulence, Egypt is scheduled to hold parliamentary and presidential elections in the summer, completing a political transition plan unveiled by the military after it ousted former Islamist President Mohamed Morsi last July.

A key step in the process to elect a new government will be a referendum on the country’s amended constitution next month. However, the military-backed government's crackdown on protests and its designation of the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization promise more bloodshed and turmoil before any chance for peace.

7. 100th anniversary of the start of World War I

Countries around the world are preparing to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the start of World War I, also known as the Great War, which began on July 28, 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by a Serbian nationalist.

Over the following four years more than 16 million people were killed and 20 million wounded in one of the deadliest battles in history.

Lest we forget.

8. Scotland independence referendum

Voters in Scotland will decide whether the nation will become independent or remain part of the United Kingdom in a referendum scheduled for Sept. 18. People will be asked to answer 'yes' or 'no' to the question “Should Scotland be an independent country.”

The ruling Scottish Nationalist Party has been pushing to end Scotland’s more than 300-year union with England, but recent polls show most of the country’s five million citizens are reluctant to go it alone, and many others are undecided.

9. US Congressional mid-term elections

Americans will have the chance to rearrange the chairs in the US Congress in the mid-term elections on Nov. 4.

While the disastrous roll out of the Obamacare website has hurt the Democrats in the polls, the federal government shutdown didn’t do the Republicans any favors either.

If a week is a long time in politics then 11 months is an eternity and a lot can change between now and election day.

10. NATO drawdown in Afghanistan

NATO plans to withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan by the end of the year, unless President Hamid Karzai signs a bilateral security agreement allowing some US troops to stay on the ground post-2014 to help Afghan forces with training and counterterrorism.

Coalition forces have been on Afghan soil for 12 years and there is little political appetite left among NATO members to keep any more boots on the ground than is absolutely necessary. 

This article originally appeared on GlobalPost.

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