Arizona's SB 1070 could violate international law
U.N. human rights experts say it may lead to racial profiling
U.N. human rights experts say Arizona's new immigration law may lead to racial profiling, which is against international law.
"The law may lead to detaining and subjecting to interrogation persons primarily on the basis of their perceived ethnic characteristics," they said in a statement.
"In Arizona, persons who appear to be of Mexican, Latin American or indigenous origin are especially at risk of being targeted under the law."
They cited "vague standards and sweeping language" of SB 1070, saying it raised "serious doubts about the law's compatibility with relevant international human rights treaties to which the United States is a party."
They wrote that authorities need to "take all measures necessary to ensure that the immigration law is in line with international human rights standards."
The new Arizona law requires police to determine if people are in the country illegally.
Critics of the law say it is unconstitutional and will lead to racial profiling. Supporters say the law is needed to curb crime in the state.
They cited the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination from 1965, and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families from 1990.
The experts are:
- • Jorge Bustamante, Mexico, special rapporteur on the human rights of migrants
- • Githu Muigai, Kenya, special rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance
- • James Anaya, United States, special rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people
- • Farida Shaheed. Pakistan, independent expert in the field of cultural rights
- • Vernor Munos Villalobos, Costa Rica, special rapporteur on the right to education
- • Gay McDougall, United States, independent expert on minority issues