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Study: Mexican immigrants seek citizenship at lower rate than others

Only 36 percent of Mexican immigrants who are eligible to become United States citizens are taking steps to do so, a much lower rate than immigrants from other countries, according to a recent study.

The Pew Hispanic Center report said language, financial and administrative barriers are among the main reasons for legal residents not seeking citizenship.

“Financial is the number one reason that I see,” said Victor Nieblas, second vice president of the American Immigration Lawyers Association.

“People don’t come here and tell me ‘I can’t speak English, I don’t want to apply.’ The first thing they say is, ‘It’s too expensive and it’s burdensome,’” he said.

It comes as lawmakers say they are nearing agreement on a comprehensive immigration reform package that is likely to include not only fees but fines and back taxes for immigrants who may be here illegally before they can become eligible for legal permanent residence.

The report said Mexican immigrants account for 6.1 million of the estimated 11.1 million people who immigrated illegally to this country. Mexicans also make up the largest group of legal permanent residents in the United States, accounting for 3.9 million of the 12 million people.

But the report said that Mexicans pursue citizenship at slightly more than half the rate of all immigrants who are here legally, which is about 68 percent.

Nieblas said that many immigrants keep the thought of returning to their homelands in the back of their minds. Mexicans might hold onto that hope longer, delaying their naturalization, because of their proximity to the United States, he said.

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“Once they realize that ‘I have children here, I have a life here, I’m not going back,’ that’s when they start becoming more serious about the naturalization process,” Nieblas said.

He said financial and administrative hurdles to naturalization are not unique to Mexicans, but affect most immigrants regardless of homeland.

That is especially true since the application fee has risen. Nieblas remembers when it cost a couple hundred dollars to apply for citizenship; now there is a 10-page application and a $680 fee.

The report also said language and personal barriers were cited as major reasons why Latino legal permanent residents have not naturalized.

Regina Jefferies,˜head of the Arizona chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, said many immigrants she works with are worried about not speaking English well enough. In reality they speak English just fine, they just are not confident, she said.

“Sometimes people don’t feel they have the language skills, but when you actually talk to them they do in most cases,” she said.

The primary reason Jefferies sees for legal residents not applying is financial and not wanting to have to struggle with the application. The people she works with sometimes do not have the time to deal with the complex application.

And with the possibility of comprehensive immigration reform on the horizon, Jefferies is worried the system may become more complicated if it is poorly executed.

“It’s just going to add additional layers and layers of complexity to an already byzantine system,” she said. “It doesn’t make sense to have a system that is that complicated.”

Nieblas said it is hard to speculate on how reform might affect the current process because of secrecy of the negotiations, which he compared to the selection of the pope.

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“It seems as though they’re in a conclave or something and we’re waiting for white smoke,” Nieblas said.

Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said Sunday on “Meet the Press” that the eight senators working on an immigration reform package could come to an agreement next week. But while broad outlines have been discussed, few details have been released.

Whatever the final form of the bill, Nieblas said it  should try to lower naturalization fees and streamline the application.

The Pew report said that 93 percent of Latinos would naturalize if they could.

“The fees are holding a lot of people back, the economy is holding a lot of people back and if they were to lower those fees I think they would see a big change in the interest,” Nieblas said.

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2 comments on this story

Apr 11, 2013, 12:56 pm
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P.S. Brett, Immigrants are people, and those who are not here with legal papers, or expired documents, are not eligible for naturalization. People are not illegal. The actual act of being on property without permission is called trespassing… and does not warrant the term “illegal.” or sharpshooters, killing them from towers on the border as you suggested elsewhere.

The headline is misleading and misses the most important point that is not mentioned until the end of the article. 93% OF LATINOS WOULD BE NATURALIZED IF THEY COULD. 

Gee, imagine all those people contributing fully in the system, without fear, without being exploited by employers, who would have to pay competitive wages, insurance, workman’s comp, taxes…  We need serious reforms now,

And when my grandfather came over from Yugoslavia and became a naturalized citizen, he did NOT learn to speak English and rarely did use any English to the day he died. He worked too hard, too many hours with little free time, and had no time or patience to learn English. He knew his children would and they did.  My parents were bilingual. Immigrants like my grandfather, lived in ethnic ghettos, where they would be surrounded by people and businesses who were like them, spoke their native tongue. It made it less complicated to work and prosper without the pressure of learning a new language while busting their butts to make a living to support their families. This is not much different from now, when new immigrants come to America, the priority is to make a living and care for their families.

Apr 3, 2013, 3:02 pm
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Reading this story is very confusing, because the author makes no differentiation between illegal immigrants and legal immigrants. But, I think that’s intentional.

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Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano administers the oath of citizenship to members of the military at a special White House ceremony on July 4, 2012.

Naturalization hesitation

The main reasons Latino permanent residents in the United States say they have not taken steps toward naturalization, according to a recent Pew Center report:

  • Language and other personal barriers: 26 percent
  • Have not tried yet or not interested: 26 percent
  • Financial and administrative barriers: 18 percent
  • Not eligible yet or waiting for green card: 13 percent
  • Currently applying or will do it soon: 4 percent